The report covers details of one-day orientation programme for 30 stakeholders including local government officials, community leaders, including religious leaders, and other stakeholders, on health risks and the need for health promotion skills training, which include Antibiotics (AB) and Antibiotic Resistance (ABR). The orientation was conducted on 1st October 2014 at Mankessim in the Central region. It was part of CSOs effort to integrate AB and ABR themes in health promotion programs in the community.
The Objective of the orientation was to strengthen and give the necessary tools (skills) to the stakeholders to undertake community based advocacy program in antibiotic use and resistance and use their platform to stimulate advocacy and awareness on AB and ABR.
PRESENTATION BY MoH
The main methodology used was Plenary, presentation and discussion, Two main facilitators from the MoH took turns to take the participant through antibiotics, their usage and type of infections that calls for antibiotic treatment. It was made clear to the participants that antibiotics are used exclusively for the treatment of bacteria and other related infections and caution participants to be extra careful to avoid misuse that may contribute to antibiotic resistance.
Common Practices and habits that lead to antibiotics abuse were discussed thoroughly to participants understanding.
During large group discussion, participants mentioned the following infections as group of infections that needs antibiotics treatment:
• Wound infections.
Participants were again guided through ways in which people abuse antibiotics and also made them to discuss some of the habits and practice which leads to that.
The participants made mention of self-medication as the usual habit that leads to antibiotic abuse and also use of antibiotics in herbal concoctions, using antibiotics for prophylaxis, antibiotics for treating ‘’white’’(Candida), sharing same antibiotics and most especially using antibiotics when not really needed.
All this habit can lead to some level of skin infections and base on that the facilitators urged participants to make it a point to stop abusing antibiotics in order to avoid such problems.
Antibiotic Resistance (ABR)
On ABR, the resource persons guided the stakeholders to understand what antibiotic resistances are and the dangers involved. Based on this the stakeholders were tasked to use every available platform to talk about AB and ABR.
The traditional leaders pleaded with the Ghana Health Service (GHS) to periodically undertake community education on medicines use AB and ABR.
“The health workers should try as much as possible to come down to the level of the people in the community and explain some of these issues and make them understand. Because from what we have learnt today we are killing ourselves in the name of treating infections”
• Stakeholders promised to use every available platform (such as churches, community durbars, district assembly meetings) to educate people about AB and ABR.
• HFFG should support us in the form of technical know-how and other logistic that will help us make the education more effective to help curtail ABR
• The GHS should try as much as possible to talk to their members especially their Nurses and those at the dispensary to be patient and explain any medication given to prevent its abuse.
The orientation on health risks and the need for health promotion skills training on Antibiotics (AB) and Antibiotic Resistance (ABR) was successful. All expected and invited stakeholders attended the orientation and the objective of strengthening and giving the necessary tools (skills) to the stakeholders to undertake community based advocacy programmes in antibiotic use/resistance and use of their platform to stimulate advocacy and awareness on AB and ABR was also achieved.